The opening paragraphs and first page of your novel or short story are absolutely critical. How you craft your opening will make the difference between a potential reader starting your book, then putting it down (or rejecting it online) and seeking another one, or, their interest and curiosity piqued, eagerly turning the page to read on.
As James Scott Bell says so wisely in his writing guide, Revision and Self-Editing, about the opening paragraphs,
Here are twelve dos and don’ts for making the first page of your novel zing and entice readers to turn to the second page. Note that these are recommendations to hook readers in, not hard-and-fast rules.
1. DON’T begin with a long description of the setting or with detailed background information on your characters.
2. DON’T start with a character other than your protagonist.
3. DON’T start with a description of past events.
4. DON’T start in a viewpoint other than the main character’s.
5. DON’T present your protagonist in a static, neutral (boring) situation.
6. DON’T start with your character all alone, reflecting on his life.
7. DON’T start with your protagonist planning a trip, or travelling somewhere; in other words, as a lead-up to an important scene.
8. DON’T introduce a lot of characters in the first few pages.
10. DON’T leave the reader wondering what the characters look like.
11. DON’T have the main character looking in the mirror as a device for describing him/her. This has been overdone.
12. DON’T wait too long to introduce the hero in a romance or romantic suspense.
Remember, you can always start your story wherever you want in the draft stage, if it’ll make you feel better. Then in the editing stage, you can go back and cut out or condense the first several paragraphs or pages or even most of the first chapter, so that, in your final draft, your actual story starts after all that lead-up (some of which may appear later, in snippets here and there).
In conclusion, here’s some great advice for writing compelling fiction, coined by author Dan Brown: Act first, explain later.
Click HERE for options to receive email alerts of new posts published on this blog.
Jodie Renner is a freelance fiction editor and the award-winning author of three craft-of-writing guides in her series An Editor’s Guide to Writing Compelling Fiction: WRITING A KILLER THRILLER, FIRE UP YOUR FICTION, and CAPTIVATE YOUR READERS, as well as two clickable time-saving e-resources, QUICK CLICKS: Spelling List and QUICKCLICKS: Word Usage. She has also organized two anthologies for charity: VOICES FROM THE VALLEYS – Stories and Poems about Life in BC’s Interior, and CHILDHOOD REGAINED – Stories of Hope for Asian Child Workers. You can find Jodie on her Amazon Author Page, at www.JodieRenner.com, and on Facebook.